Artificial intelligence threatens many professions, including administrative and office jobs, or accounting services

There has never been so much talk about generative artificial intelligence. Since November 17th, the fate of Sam Altman, the man at the head of the company that created the ChatGPT software – capable of developing texts in natural language, according to the user’s request – has supplied the column without discontinuing it.

Not only because the head of a start-up valued at almost 90 billion dollars (82 billion euros) was landed (temporarily), but also because the tools he develops – able to write an essay instead of a student, an argument rather than a scriptwriter, or advising a policyholder rather than a human interlocutor – seem capable of changing the trajectory of the global economy.

As recently as November 2, Elon Musk, himself an early investor in Sam Altman’s company OpenAI, estimated that eventually there would come a time when no human labor will not be ” necessary “. An observation that challenges The report published on November 17 by the Roland Berger office, which focuses only on the French case.

A third of professions will face this

This detail ” The exhibition “ to generative AI of all French activity, dividing it into 400 professions and describing for each of them each task that could be automated – in other words, carried out by a robot – or improved thanks to the use of these technologies. The greater the proportion of tasks that can be automated, the more the profession is at risk of disappearing.

In the case of a secretary, One or more software programs could, for example, take care of operations such as taking meeting minutes, managing the agenda, writing standard forms, responding to routine correspondence. On the other hand, your presence may still be necessary for functions with greater added value, such as receiving visitors, answering important calls or physically organizing meetings.

First lesson: a third of professions will be confronted, positively or negatively, with the emergence of this technology in a very short time horizon, around 2030. “The impacts are significant, but many professions are unlikely to see their job descriptions change in the coming years”, underlines Laurent Benarousse, general manager of Laurent Berger France.

Women more affected than men

The most manual professions are obviously those most spared from this technological revolution: ChatGPT will not replace a plumber, a carpenter or a hairdresser, although, on the sidelines, companies can use this type of technology for additional functions (booking appointments, preparing documents , etc.).

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