Already in the 1950s, the modeling of a neuron and the creation of neural networks (which were supposed to reproduce the functioning of the human brain) opened up promising perspectives. The failure of this path considerably reduced research funding, particularly in the USA, and plunged the discipline into what is called “ AI Winter “.
The limits of AI
Back in fashion, forty years later, with the emergence of Machine Learning based on algorithms and no longer on predefined rules like the expert systems that prevailed. A computer’s victory over chess champion Kasparov dates back to this time. The development of the Internet and the multiplication of data would provide enough to train the algorithms of Deep Learning (a subset of machine learning). Thanks to the data provided, the machine became capable of recognizing shapes. “ But while he needed almost 100,000 images of cats to recognize a cat with a 98% chance of success, a child only needed two to get the same result with 100% success! », explains Luc Julia.
This single example demonstrates the limits of artificial intelligence. “ We must not give her virtues that she does not have », Estimated Jean-Louis Amat. “ There is confusion among the general public between what is possible with AI (this is the domain of researchers), what is technically feasible (the domain of business) and what is hypothetical (Science Fiction) “. If it is bluffing frequently, it may turn out that the AI is also woefully lacking in judgment. Julia readily mentions the anecdote of this Waymo (Google’s autonomous car) that kept stopping during its tests… Its designers struggled before clarifying the mystery: the vehicle simply spotted an employee on the sidewalk carrying a Stop sign!
AI at the service of healthcare
The Health Intelligence Institute (IIAS) Reims is under the supervision of the CHU and the university (Urca). It has four missions: the promotion of AI in healthcare, which involves raising awareness among professionals and users; student training , healthcare professionals, computer scientists, etc.; support for researchers; the promotion of tools developed in an academic laboratory or by a private partner. In partnership with the regional incubator “ search for health
», Innovact and the urban community of Greater Reims, IIAS created a business incubator (“Pétillante”) to detect, support and label projects carried out by start-ups. *
“. Currently, EPC employs around twenty people (in Vindey, Troyes and Levallois), including just 2 responsible for prospecting!